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Dear Affiliate Officers,

With the recent changes to the A.P.P. program, there is some confusion about the timeline for an individual to become an A.P.P. In ISM's initial press release it seemed as if February 28, 2005 was THE deadline -- that if you did not register for the A.P.P. Exam by that date, you would never be able to obtain your A.P.P. This is not true.

What if you don't register for the A.P.P. Exam by February 28, 2005? Under current ISM policy, you can simply take C.P.M. Modules 1 and 2 instead. C.P.M. Exam modules can be applied toward the A.P.P. designation (and vice versa).

The most important deadline is February 28, 2007. That is the date by which you must postmark your A.P.P. Original & Original Lifetime application. If you postmark your application after February 28, 2007, you will never be able to become an A.P.P.

Theoretically, under current ISM policy, you could pass C.P.M. Modules 1 and 2 on February 27, 2007 and still submit your A.P.P. Original application on time.

Under Current ISM policy, candidates who wish to reaccredit may continue to do so -- even after February 28, 2007.

For more details on changes to the A.P.P. program, check out the FAQs section on the ISM website:

If you have any questions or concerns, feel free to contact us at

Thank you and regards,

David Migliore
Sr. Associate - Certification
Institute for Supply Management(tm)
Ph: 800/888-6276 or 480/752-6276 (x-3074)
Fax: 480/752-7890

Reasons to Grant Prescriptive Authority to

Appropriately Trained Psychologists

1. There is a critical need for appropriate and effective psychoactive medication, but access to this type of care is limited and decreasing.

  • 20% of all Americans suffer from mental illness at any given time.
  • Studies show that a combination of talk therapy and drug therapy is often the most effective treatment.
    Medical students in psychiatric residencies decreased 12% between 1988 and 1994.
  • Interest in psychiatric residencies among medical students in the United States has decreased to the point that about half of the residency slots are being filled by graduates from medical schools in other countries.
  • The majority of all psychotropic medications are prescribed by non-psychiatric health care providers who have limited exposure to diagnosing mental illnesses.
  • In the United States there are at least 444 counties that have no psychiatrists but do have psychologists .
2. Psychologists are highly trained specialists in mental health who can and are being trained to prescribe psychoactive medications.
  • Psychologists have an average of seven years of doctoral training in the diagnosis, assessment and treatment of mental and emotional disorders.
  • Psychologists interested in obtaining prescriptive authority receive specialized post-doctoral training.
  • Psychologists all over the United States are already seeking postdoctoral training in psychopharmacology.
    Psychologists in many professional settings are already collaborating with physicians on patients medication issues.
  • Ten military psychologists have been trained to prescribe, and an independent study of this group shows them to be safe and effective prescribers.
  • Most states have granted other non-physician providers, such as dentists, podiatrists, physician-assistants, nurse practitioners, and pharmacists, some degree of prescriptive authority, and many prescribe independently.
    Prescriptive authority for psychologists increases continuity of care.
  • It is time consuming for patients to see multiple health care providers for the same problem. Prescribing psychologists, because of their mental health expertise, will be able to provide patients with assessment, diagnosis, and therapy, as well as psychotropics and medication management.
  • Psychologists trained to prescribe will provide integrated psychological and pharmacological care.
McKinney Russell

Expansion Committee


The Expansion Committee is charged with two major responsibilities: to initiate and sponsor units of the Society in countries where no organization of the Society currently exists, and to support and strengthen state organizations who may need assistance in growth.

Members serving during the 2008–2010 biennium are as follows:



Biennium Reports

What Is Causing the Asthma Epidemic?
In the United States, asthma cases have increased by more than 60 percent since the early 1980s, and asthma-related deaths have doubled to 5,000 a year. What is causing the asthma epidemic and what can we do to stem the tide? A recent series of articles in the Journal of the American Chiropractic Association (JACA) delves into this question and offers advice from doctors of chiropractic and allergists who have helped control asthma symptoms in many patients.

People in their 30s and older can remember that when they were young, it was very unusual for even one child in school to have asthma. Schoolchildren now often know several kids with asthma in a single class. The rapid increase in the number of young people with asthma was brought home to Dr. Scott Bautch, past president of the American Chiropractic Association's (ACA) Council on Occupational Health, when he went to a football game with his 13-year-old son: "Someone on the field had a breathing problem. It was hard to see whose son it was, and 15 parents ran to the field with inhalers."

So far, researchers don't know why cases of asthma are increasing at such an alarming rate. They hypothesize that a combination of genetics and some non-hereditary factors — such as increased environmental exposure to potential allergens — play a role. "Thirty years ago, Windex was the only cleaning solvent used by a few people. Now, we have a special cleaning solvent for every object," says Dr. Bautch. "In addition, furniture and carpets are produced with formaldehyde as a preservative, and people breathe it," he says.

Decreased air quality is coupled with the allergy-friendly modern house design, says Dr. William E. Walsh, MD, FACC, an allergist practicing in Minnesota: "Fifty years ago we lived in old, drafty houses, and the breeze dried and freshened the air, and cleared out mold and other allergens. Nowadays, our super-insulated houses don't breathe adequately. Making basements into a living space increases mold exposure because mold grows in any basement."

Food has become another source of exposure to allergens. "Food manufacturers put more preservatives in foods now to store them longer," says Dr. Bautch. Researchers hypothesize that an increase in vaccinations, cesarean births, and antibiotic intake may be playing a role, too.

Asthma is a chronic disease; it can't be cured—only controlled. For best treatment results, both the primary care physician and an asthma specialist, such as an allergist or pulmonologist, should be involved. According to experts interviewed for the article, the treatment program, in addition to medication intake, should include reducing exposure to the substances that induce acute episodes and identifying specific allergens that affect the patient.

Allergens aren't the only culprit. Stress factors—such as moving to a new home, or changing jobs—may induce or aggravate asthma attacks. Even emotional expressions such as fear, anger, frustration, hard crying, or laughing can cause an attack as well. To reduce the patient's stress level and improve the patient's quality of life, alternative treatments should be incorporated into the treatment program. Various relaxation techniques, such as biofeedback, meditation, yoga, and stress management, as well as massage, chiropractic manipulation, breathing exercises, and acupuncture can be helpful.

A multi-site clinical trial on chiropractic management of asthma is underway in Australia. "The preliminary data are very encouraging. Chiropractic patients are showing decreases in physical asthma symptoms and cortisol levels," says Dr. Anthony Rosner, director of education and research for the Foundation of Chiropractic Education and Research.

"Doctors of chiropractic can give a full-scale evaluation to asthma patients; assess their physical and neurological status, their lifestyle, diet, and stressors; and help the patients increase motor coordination, and improve the work of respiratory and gut muscles to increase the quality of life," says Dr. Gail Henry, a chiropractic neurologist, who practices in Houston, Texas. "Doctors of chiropractic can be a great addition to the healthcare team treating the asthma patient."

Asthma experts offer the following tips for asthma patients:
  • Use air filters to help clean air in your home.
  • Cover mattresses and pillows with dust covers and use hypoallergenic bed clothing to reduce exposure to dust mites.
  • If your condition is getting worse, get checked for viral respiratory infections and different medical conditions, such as flu, rhinitis, sinusitis, and gastroesophageal reflux. When those are treated and eliminated, asthma symptoms improve. Endocrine factors, such as menstruation, pregnancy, and thyroid disease, may exacerbate asthma, as well.
  • Some medications—aspirin; beta-blockers, including eye drops; nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, etc.—can also precipitate or aggravate asthma symptoms.
  • If your asthma is exercise-induced, an individually prescribed exercise program carefully chosen under the guidance of your primary health care provider or doctor of chiropractic should be incorporated into the treatment plan.
  • Avoid sulfites or monosodium glutamate (MSG) in foods. Since both additives are used in a wide variety of foods, carefully read processed food labels and choose MSG-free foods when eating out.
  • Choose a more vegetarian-type diet. Animal proteins found in meat include arachidonic acid—a precursor for inflammation.
  • Include foods with omega-3 fatty acids in the diet—such as fish or fish oil.
  • Supplement with vitamin C, which helps reduce allergic reactions and wheezing symptoms.
  • To reduce stress in your children, spend quality time with them and limit their exposure to TV programs that include violence.
Chiropractic Care Can Help...
Talk to your doctor of chiropractic about other ways to improve your quality of life. Doctors of chiropractic are trained and licensed to examine and treat the entire body with specific emphasis on the nervous and musculoskeletal systems. They can also help people lead healthier lives by focusing on wellness and prevention.
Marshall Mutual Logo

City of Avondale

For Further Information please contact:

Rachel Aja
Deputy Director

(602) 274-6545  Phone
(602) 234-0442  FAX

Fire Sprinkler Referendum

The cities of Avondale and Goodyear will be holding special elections on September 13 to vote on fire sprinkler referendums.  HBACA and the group Citizens for Homeowner Choice are actively campaigning for a NO vote on these referendums.  The referendums were filed by the HBACA when the Councils for both Goodyear and Avondale attempted to create a mandate to make fire sprinklers a requirement in all new homes.

HBACA feels strongly that the issue of fire sprinklers in single family homes should be a consumer choice issue, not a government mandate.  The citizens of Mesa overwhelmingly agreed with the position of home builders and realtors several years ago by voting against the mandated sprinkler ordinance their city council passed.  HBACA, however, is not opposed to having the cities require builders to offer sprinklers as options to home buyers.

Jon Johnson Historic Stangenwald Building
Beau Jo's Pizza



January 1, 2008 through
December 31, 2008

January 1, 2007 through
December 31, 2007

Closed Transactions - all types $345,952,062

Closed Residential - all areas $308,147,575
Average List Price - $225,499
Average Sale Price - $212,515
Median Sale Price - $185,500
Average Days on Market - 88
Average % of List Price Received - 94.24%
Residential Units Closed - 1,450

Closed Transactions - all types $379,492,181

Closed Residential - all areas $317,701,928
Average List Price - $207,426
Average Sale Price - $203,100
Median Sale Price - $180,000
Average Days on Market - 75
Average % of List Price Received - 97.4%
Residential Units Closed - 1,572

January 1, 2006 through
December 31, 2006

Closed Transactions - all types $354,461,759
Closed Residential - all areas $314,326,909
Average List Price - $204,373
Average Sale Price - $200,081
Median Sale Price - $177,000
Average Days on Market - 58
Average % of List Price Received - 97.9%
Residential Units Closed - 1,574

January 1, 2005 through
December 31, 2005

Closed Transactions - all types $345,217,132
Closed Residential - all areas $307,427,964
Average List Price - $194,147
Average Sale Price - $190,358
Median Sale Price - $169,000
Average Days on Market - 49
Average % of List Price Received - 98.0%
Residential Units Closed - 1,615

January 1, 2004 through
December 31, 2004

Closed Transactions - all types $300,961,203
Closed Residential - all areas $265,795,978
Average List Price - $179,593
Average Sale Price - $178,191
Median Sale Price - $156,000
Average Days on Market - 53
Average % of List Price Received - 98.1%
Residential Units Closed - 1,514



Message from USSS

The United States Secret Service has long understood the importance of building trusted relationships with other law enforcement agencies, the private sector and academia. We do so for one important reason—necessity.

The Document Security Alliance [DSA] works by creating a partnership between law enforcement and private industry; a forum where the best minds can come together to discuss how best to improve security documents. Working together, we can draw upon our expertise and unique experiences to strengthen our homeland and protect our citizens.

W. Ralph Basham
United States Secret Service

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